As it proved, however, there was no great safety
there, either. The whole country was up like a swarm of bees. Wherever the English could
collect in little bands they held just the ground that their guns commanded. Everywhere
else they were helpless fugitives. It was a fight of the millions against the hundreds;
and the cruellest part of it was that these men that we fought against, foot, horse, and
gunners, were our own picked troops, whom we had taught and trained, handling our own
weapons and blowing our own bugle-calls. At Agra there were the Third Bengal Fusiliers,
some Sikhs, two troops of horse, and a battery of artillery. A volunteer corps of clerks
and merchants had been formed, and this I joined, wooden leg and all. We went out to meet
the rebels at Shahgunge early in July, and we beat them back for a time, but our powder
gave out, and we had to fall back upon the city.
Nothing but the worst news came to us from every
sidewhich is not to be wondered at, for if you look at the map you will see that we
were right in the heart of it. Lucknow is rather better than a hundred miles to the east,
and Cawnpore about as far to the south. From every point on the compass there was nothing
but torture and murder and outrage.
The city of Agra is a great place, swarming with
fanatics and fierce devil-worshippers of all sorts. Our handful of men were lost among the
narrow, winding streets. Our leader moved across the river, therefore, and took up his
position in the old fort of Agra. I dont know if any of you gentlemen have ever read
or heard anything of that old fort. It is a very queer placethe queerest that ever I
was in, and I have been in some rum corners, too. First of all it is enormous in size. I
should think that the enclosure must be acres and acres. There is a modern part, which
took all our garrison, women, children, stores, and everything else, with plenty of room
over. But the modern part is nothing like the size of the old quarter, where nobody goes,
and which is given over to the scorpions and the centipedes. It is all full of great
deserted halls, and winding passages, and long corridors twisting in and out, so that it
is easy enough for folk to get lost in it. For this reason it was seldom that anyone went
into it, though now and again a party with torches might go exploring.
The river washes along the front of the old fort, and so
protects it, but on the sides and behind there are many doors, and these had to be
guarded, of course, in the old quarter as well as in that which was actually held by our
troops. We were short-handed, with hardly men enough to man the angles of the building and
to serve the guns. It was impossible for us, therefore, to station a strong guard at every
one of the innumerable gates. What we did was to organize a central guard-house in the
middle of the fort, and to leave each gate under the charge of one white man and two or
three natives. I was selected to take charge during certain hours of the night of a small
isolated door upon the south-west side of the building. Two Sikh troopers were placed
under my command, and I was instructed if anything went wrong to fire my musket, when I
might rely upon help coming at once from the central guard. As the guard was a good two
hundred paces away, however, and as the space between was cut up into a labyrinth of
passages and corridors, I had great doubts as to whether they could arrive in time to be
of any use in case of an actual attack.
Well, I was pretty proud at having this small command given me, since I was a raw
recruit, and a game-legged one at that. For two nights I kept the watch with my Punjabees.
They were tall, fierce-looking chaps, Mahomet Singh and Abdullah Khan by name, both old
fighting men, who had borne arms against us at Chilian Wallah. They could talk English
pretty well, but I could get little out of them. They preferred to stand together, and
jabber all night in their queer Sikh lingo. For myself, I used to stand outside the
gateway, looking down on the broad, winding river and on the twinkling lights of the great
city. The beating of drums, the rattle of tomtoms, and the yells and howls of the rebels,
drunk with opium and with bang, were enough to remind us all night of our dangerous
neighbours across the stream. Every two hours the officer of the night used to come round
to all the posts to make sure that all was well.
The third night of my watch was dark and dirty, with a
small driving rain. It was dreary work standing in the gateway hour after hour in such
weather. I tried again and again to make my Sikhs talk, but without much success. At two
in the morning the rounds passed and broke for a moment the weariness of the night.
Finding that my companions would not be led into conversation, I took out my pipe and laid
down my musket to strike the match. In an instant the two Sikhs were upon me. One of them
snatched my firelock up and levelled it at my head, while the other held a great knife to
my throat and swore between his teeth that he would plunge it into me if I moved a step.
My first thought was that these fellows were in
league with the rebels, and that this was the beginning of an assault. If our door were in
the hands of the sepoys the place must fall, and the women and children be treated as they
were in Cawnpore. Maybe you gentlemen think that I am just making out a case for myself,
but I give you my word that when I thought of that, though I felt the point of the knife
at my throat, I opened my mouth with the intention of giving a scream, if it was my last
one, which might alarm the main guard. The man who held me seemed to know my thoughts;
for, even as I braced myself to it, he whispered: Dont make a noise. The fort
is safe enough. There are no rebel dogs on this side of the river. There was the
ring of truth in what he said, and I knew that if I raised my voice I was a dead man. I
could read it in the fellows brown eyes. I waited, therefore, in silence, to see
what it was that they wanted from me.
Listen to me, sahib, said the taller and
fiercer of the pair, the one whom they called Abdullah Khan. You must either be with
us now, or you must be silenced forever. The thing is too great a one for us to hesitate.
Either you are heart and soul with us on your oath on the cross of the Christians, or your
body this night shall be thrown into the ditch, and we shall pass over to our brothers in
the rebel army. There is no middle way. Which is it to bedeath or life? We can only
give you three minutes to decide, for the time is passing, and all must be done before the
rounds come again.
How can I decide? said I. You have not
told me what you want of me. But I tell you now that if it is anything against the safety
of the fort I will have no truck with it, so you can drive home your knife and
It is nothing against the fort, said he.
We only ask you to do that which your countrymen come to this land for. We ask you
to be rich. If you will be one of us this night, we will swear to you upon the naked
knife, and by the threefold oath which no Sikh was ever known to break, that you shall
have your fair share of the loot. A quarter of the treasure shall be yours. We can say no
what is the treasure then? I asked. I am as ready to be rich as you can be if
you will but show me how it can be done.
You will swear, then, said he, by the
bones of your father, by the honour of your mother, by the cross of your faith, to raise
no hand and speak no word against us, either now or afterwards?
I will swear it, I answered, provided
that the fort is not endangered.
Then my comrade and I will swear that you shall
have a quarter of the treasure which shall be equally divided among the four of us.
There are but three, said I.
No; Dost Akbar must have his share. We can tell
the tale to you while we wait them. Do you stand at the gate, Mahomet Singh, and give
notice of their coming. The thing stands thus, sahib, and I tell it to you because I know
that an oath is binding upon a Feringhee, and that we may trust you. Had you been a lying
Hindoo, though you had sworn by all the gods in their false temples, your blood would have
been upon the knife and your body in the water. But the Sikh knows the Englishman, and the
Englishman knows the Sikh. Hearken, then, to what I have to say.
There is a rajah in the northern provinces who has
much wealth, though his lands are small. Much has come to him from his father, and more
still he has set by himself, for he is of a low nature and hoards his gold rather than
spend it. When the troubles broke out he would be friends both with the lion and the
tigerwith the sepoy and with the Companys raj. Soon, however, it
seemed to him that the white mens day was come, for through all the land he could
hear of nothing but of their death and their overthrow. Yet, being a careful man, he made
such plans that, come what might, half at least of his treasure should be left to him.
That which was in gold and silver he kept by him in the vaults of his palace, but the most
precious stones and the choicest pearls that he had he put in an iron box and sent it by a
trusty servant, who, under the guise of a merchant, should take it to the fort at Agra,
there to lie until the land is at peace. Thus, if the rebels won he would have his money,
but if the Company conquered, his jewels would be saved to him. Having thus divided his
hoard, he threw himself into the cause of the sepoys, since they were strong upon his
borders. By his doing this, mark you, sahib, his property becomes the due of those who
have been true to their salt.
This pretended merchant, who travels under the
name of Achmet, is now in the city of Agra and desires to gain his way into the fort. He
has with him as travelling-companion my foster-brother Dost Akbar, who knows his secret.
Dost Akbar has promised this night to lead him to a side-postern of the fort, and has
chosen this one for his purpose. Here he will come presently, and here he will find
Mahomet Singh and myself awaiting him. The place is lonely, and none shall know of his
coming. The world shall know the merchant Achmet no more, but the great treasure of the
rajah shall be divided among us. What say you to it, sahib?
In Worcestershire the life of a man seems a great and a
sacred thing; but it is very different when there is fire and blood all round you, and you
have been used to meeting death at every turn. Whether Achmet the merchant lived or died
was a thing as light as air to me, but at the talk about the treasure my heart turned to
it, and I thought of what I might do in the old country with it, and how my folk would
stare when they saw their neer-do-well coming back with his pockets full of gold
moidores. I had, therefore, already made up my mind.  Abdullah Khan, however, thinking that I hesitated,
pressed the matter more closely.
Consider, sahib, said he, that if this
man is taken by the commandant he will be hung or shot, and his jewels taken by the
government, so that no man will be a rupee the better for them. Now, since we do the
taking of him, why should we not do the rest as well? The jewels will be as well with us
as in the Companys coffers. There will be enough to make every one of us rich men
and great chiefs. No one can know about the matter, for here we are cut off from all men.
What could be better for the purpose? Say again, then, sahib, whether you are with us, or
if we must look upon you as an enemy.
I am with you heart and soul, said I.
It is well, he answered, handing me back my
firelock. You see that we trust you, for your word, like ours, is not to be broken.
We have now only to wait for my brother and the merchant.
Does your brother know, then, of what you will
do? I asked.
The plan is his. He has devised it. We will go to
the gate and share the watch with Mahomet Singh.
The rain was still falling steadily, for it was just the
beginning of the wet season. Brown, heavy clouds were drifting across the sky, and it was
hard to see more than a stonecast. A deep moat lay in front of our door, but the water was
in places nearly dried up, and it could easily be crossed. It was strange to me to be
standing there with those two wild Punjabees waiting for the man who was coming to his
Suddenly my eye caught the glint of a shaded lantern at
the other side of the moat. It vanished among the mound-heaps, and then appeared again
coming slowly in our direction.
Here they are! I exclaimed.
You will challenge him, sahib, as usual,
whispered Abdullah. Give him no cause for fear. Send us in with him, and we shall do
the rest while you stay here on guard. Have the lantern ready to uncover, that we may be
sure that it is indeed the man.
The light had flickered onward, now stopping and now
advancing, until I could see two dark figures upon the other side of the moat. I let them
scramble down the sloping bank, splash through the mire, and climb halfway up to the gate
before I challenged them.
Who goes there? said I in a subdued voice.
Friends, came the answer. I uncovered my
lantern and threw a flood of light upon them. The first was an enormous Sikh with a black
beard which swept nearly down to his cummerbund. Outside of a show I have never seen so
tall a man. The other was a little fat, round fellow with a great yellow turban and a
bundle in his hand, done up in a shawl. He seemed to be all in a quiver with fear, for his
hands twitched as if he had the ague, and his head kept turning to left and right with two
bright little twinkling eyes, like a mouse when he ventures out from his hole. It gave me
the chills to think of killing him, but I thought of the treasure, and my heart set as
hard as a flint within me. When he saw my white face he gave a little chirrup of joy and
came running up towards me.
Your protection, sahib, he panted,
your protection for the unhappy merchant Achmet. I have travelled across Rajpootana,
that I might seek the shelter of the fort at Agra. I have been robbed and beaten and
abused because I have been the 
friend of the Company. It is a blessed night this when I am once more in safetyI and
my poor possessions.
What have you in the bundle? I asked.
An iron box, he answered, which
contains one or two little family matters which are of no value to others but which I
should be sorry to lose. Yet I am not a beggar; and I shall reward you, young sahib, and
your governor also if he will give me the shelter I ask.
I could not trust myself to speak longer with the man.
The more I looked at his fat, frightened face, the harder did it seem that we should slay
him in cold blood. It was best to get it over.
Take him to the main guard, said I. The two
Sikhs closed in upon him on each side, and the giant walked behind, while they marched in
through the dark gateway. Never was a man so compassed round with death. I remained at the
gateway with the lantern.
I could hear the measured tramp of their footsteps
sounding through the lonely corridors. Suddenly it ceased, and I heard voices and a
scuffle, with the sound of blows. A moment later there came, to my horror, a rush of
footsteps coming in my direction, with a loud breathing of a running man. I turned my
lantern down the long straight passage, and there was the fat man, running like the wind,
with a smear of blood across his face, and close at his heels, bounding like a tiger, the
great black-bearded Sikh, with a knife flashing in his hand. I have never seen a man run
so fast as that little merchant. He was gaining on the Sikh, and I could see that if he
once passed me and got to the open air he would save himself yet. My heart softened to
him, but again the thought of his treasure turned me hard and bitter. I cast my firelock
between his legs as he raced past, and he rolled twice over like a shot rabbit. Ere he
could stagger to his feet the Sikh was upon him and buried his knife twice in his side.
The man never uttered moan nor moved muscle but lay where he had fallen. I think myself
that he may have broken his neck with the fall. You see, gentlemen, that I am keeping my
promise. I am telling you every word of the business just exactly as it happened, whether
it is in my favour or not.
He stopped and held out his manacled hands for the whisky
and water which Holmes had brewed for him. For myself, I confess that I had now conceived
the utmost horror of the man not only for this cold-blooded business in which he had been
concerned but even more for the somewhat flippant and careless way in which he narrated
it. Whatever punishment was in store for him, I felt that he might expect no sympathy from
me. Sherlock Holmes and Jones sat with their hands upon their knees, deeply interested in
the story but with the same disgust written upon their faces. He may have observed it, for
there was a touch of defiance in his voice and manner as he proceeded.
It was all very bad, no doubt, said he. I
should like to know how many fellows in my shoes would have refused a share of this loot
when they knew that they would have their throats cut for their pains. Besides, it was my
life or his when once he was in the fort. If he had got out, the whole business would come
to light, and I should have been court-martialled and shot as likely as not; for people
were not very lenient at a time like that.
Go on with your story, said Holmes shortly.
Well, we carried him in, Abdullah, Akbar, and I. A fine
weight he was, too, for all that he was so short. Mahomet Singh was left to guard the
door. We took  him to a
place which the Sikhs had already prepared. It was some distance off, where a winding
passage leads to a great empty hall, the brick walls of which were all crumbling to
pieces. The earth floor had sunk in at one place, making a natural grave, so we left
Achmet the merchant there, having first covered him over with loose bricks. This done, we
all went back to the treasure.
It lay where he had dropped it when he was first
attacked. The box was the same which now lies open upon your table. A key was hung by a
silken cord to that carved handle upon the top. We opened it, and the light of the lantern
gleamed upon a collection of gems such as I have read of and thought about when I was a
little lad at Pershore. It was blinding to look upon them. When we had feasted our eyes we
took them all out and made a list of them. There were one hundred and forty-three diamonds
of the first water, including one which has been called, I believe, the Great
Mogul, and is said to be the second largest stone in existence. Then there were
ninety-seven very fine emeralds, and one hundred and seventy rubies, some of which,
however, were small. There were forty carbuncles, two hundred and ten sapphires, sixty-one
agates, and a great quantity of beryls, onyxes, cats-eyes, turquoises, and other
stones, the very names of which I did not know at the time, though I have become more
familiar with them since. Besides this, there were nearly three hundred very fine pearls,
twelve of which were set in a gold coronet. By the way, these last had been taken out of
the chest, and were not there when I recovered it.
After we had counted our treasures we put them back into
the chest and carried them to the gateway to show them to Mahomet Singh. Then we solemnly
renewed our oath to stand by each other and be true to our secret. We agreed to conceal
our loot in a safe place until the country should be at peace again, and then to divide it
equally among ourselves. There was no use dividing it at present, for if gems of such
value were found upon us it would cause suspicion, and there was no privacy in the fort
nor any place where we could keep them. We carried the box, therefore, into the same hall
where we had buried the body, and there, under certain bricks in the best-preserved wall,
we made a hollow and put our treasure. We made careful note of the place, and next day I
drew four plans, one for each of us, and put the sign of the four of us at the bottom, for
we had sworn that we should each always act for all, so that none might take advantage.
That is an oath that I can put my hand to my heart and swear that I have never broken.
Well, theres no use my telling you gentlemen what
came of the Indian mutiny. After Wilson took Delhi and Sir Colin relieved Lucknow the back
of the business was broken. Fresh troops came pouring in, and Nana Sahib made himself
scarce over the frontier. A flying column under Colonel Greathed came round to Agra and
cleared the Pandies away from it. Peace seemed to be settling upon the country, and we
four were beginning to hope that the time was at hand when we might safely go off with our
shares of the plunder. In a moment, however, our hopes were shattered by our being
arrested as the murderers of Achmet.
It came about in this way. When the rajah put his jewels
into the hands of Achmet he did it because he knew that he was a trusty man. They are
suspicious folk in the East, however: so what does this rajah do but take a second even
more trusty servant and set him to play the spy upon the first. This second man was
ordered never to let Achmet out of his sight, and he followed him like his shadow. He went
after him that night and saw him pass through the doorway. Of course  he thought he had taken refuge in the fort and applied
for admission there himself next day, but could find no trace of Achmet. This seemed to
him so strange that he spoke about it to a sergeant of guides, who brought it to the ears
of the commandant. A thorough search was quickly made, and the body was discovered. Thus
at the very moment that we thought that all was safe we were all four seized and brought
to trial on a charge of murder three of us because we had held the gate that night,
and the fourth because he was known to have been in the company of the murdered man. Not a
word about the jewels came out at the trial, for the rajah had been deposed and driven out
of India: so no one had any particular interest in them. The murder, however, was clearly
made out, and it was certain that we must all have been concerned in it. The three Sikhs
got penal servitude for life, and I was condemned to death, though my sentence was
afterwards commuted to the same as the others.
It was rather a queer position that we found ourselves
in then. There we were all four tied by the leg and with precious little chance of ever
getting out again, while we each held a secret which might have put each of us in a palace
if we could only have made use of it. It was enough to make a man eat his heart out to
have to stand the kick and the cuff of every petty jack-in-office, to have rice to eat and
water to drink, when that gorgeous fortune was ready for him outside, just waiting to be
picked up. It might have driven me mad; but I was always a pretty stubborn one, so I just
held on and bided my time.
At last it seemed to me to have come. I was changed from
Agra to Madras, and from there to Blair Island in the Andamans. There are very few white
convicts at this settlement, and, as I had behaved well from the first, I soon found
myself a sort of privileged person. I was given a hut in Hope Town, which is a small place
on the slopes of Mount Harriet, and I was left pretty much to myself. It is a dreary,
fever-stricken place, and all beyond our little clearings was infested with wild cannibal
natives, who were ready enough to blow a poisoned dart at us if they saw a chance. There
was digging and ditching and yam-planting, and a dozen other things to be done, so we were
busy enough all day; though in the evening we had a little time to ourselves. Among other
things, I learned to dispense drugs for the surgeon, and picked up a smattering of his
knowledge. All the time I was on the lookout for a chance to escape; but it is hundreds of
miles from any other land, and there is little or no wind in those seas: so it was a
terribly difficult job to get away.
The surgeon, Dr. Somerton, was a fast, sporting young
chap, and the other young officers would meet in his rooms of an evening and play cards.
The surgery, where I used to make up my drugs, was next to his sitting-room, with a small
window between us. Often, if I felt lonesome, I used to turn out the lamp in the surgery,
and then, standing there, I could hear their talk and watch their play. I am fond of a
hand at cards myself, and it was almost as good as having one to watch the others. There
was Major Sholto, Captain Morstan, and Lieutenant Bromley Brown, who were in command of
the native troops, and there was the surgeon himself, and two or three prison-officials,
crafty old hands who played a nice sly safe game. A very snug little party they used to
Well, there was one thing which very soon struck me, and
that was that the soldiers used always to lose and the civilians to win. Mind, I
dont say there was anything unfair, but so it was. These prison-chaps had done
little else than play cards ever since they had been at the Andamans, and they knew each
others  game to a
point, while the others just played to pass the time and threw their cards down anyhow.
Night after night the soldiers got up poorer men, and the poorer they got the more keen
they were to play. Major Sholto was the hardest hit. He used to pay in notes and gold at
first, but soon it came to notes of hand and for big sums. He sometimes would win for a
few deals just to give him heart, and then the luck would set in against him worse than
ever. All day he would wander about as black as thunder, and he took to drinking a deal
more than was good for him.
One night he lost even more heavily than usual. I was
sitting in my hut when he and Captain Morstan came stumbling along on the way to their
quarters. They were bosom friends, those two, and never far apart. The major was raving
about his losses.
Its all up, Morstan, he was saying as
they passed my hut. I shall have to send in my papers. I am a ruined man.
Nonsense, old chap! said the other, slapping
him upon the shoulder. Ive had a nasty facer myself, but
That was all I could hear, but it was enough to set me thinking.
A couple of days later Major Sholto was strolling on the
beach: so I took the chance of speaking to him.
I wish to have your advice, Major, said I.
Well, Small, what is it? he asked, taking
his cheroot from his lips.
I wanted to ask you, sir, said I, who
is the proper person to whom hidden treasure should be handed over. I know where half a
million worth lies, and, as I cannot use it myself, I thought perhaps the best thing that
I could do would be to hand it over to the proper authorities, and then perhaps they would
get my sentence shortened for me.
Half a million, Small? he gasped, looking
hard at me to see if I was in earnest.
Quite that, sirin jewels and pearls. It lies
there ready for anyone. And the queer thing about it is that the real owner is outlawed
and cannot hold property, so that it belongs to the first comer.
To government, Small, he stammered, to
government. But he said it in a halting fashion, and I knew in my heart that I had
You think, then, sir, that I should give the
information to the governor-general? said I quietly.
Well, well, you must not do anything rash, or that
you might repent. Let me hear all about it, Small. Give me the facts.
I told him the whole story, with small changes, so that
he could not identify the places. When I had finished he stood stock still and full of
thought. I could see by the twitch of his lip that there was a struggle going on within
This is a very important matter, Small, he
said at last. You must not say a word to anyone about it, and I shall see you again
Two nights later he and his friend, Captain Morstan,
came to my hut in the dead of the night with a lantern.
I want you just to let Captain Morstan hear
that story from your own lips, Small, said he.
I repeated it as I had told it before.
It rings true, eh? said he. Its
good enough to act upon?
Captain Morstan nodded.
Look here, Small, said the major. We
have been talking it over, my friend here and I, and we have come to the conclusion that
this secret of yours is hardly a 
government matter, after all, but is a private concern of your own, which of course you
have the power of disposing of as you think best. Now the question is, What price would
you ask for it? We might be inclined to take it up, and at least look into it, if we could
agree as to terms. He tried to speak in a cool, careless way, but his eyes were
shining with excitement and greed.
Why, as to that, gentlemen, I answered,
trying also to be cool but feeling as excited as he did, there is only one bargain
which a man in my position can make. I shall want you to help me to my freedom, and to
help my three companions to theirs. We shall then take you into partnership and give you a
fifth share to divide between you.
Hum! said he. A fifth share! That is
not very tempting.
It would come to fifty thousand apiece, said
But how can we gain your freedom? You know very
well that you ask an impossibility.
Nothing of the sort, I answered. I
have thought it all out to the last detail. The only bar to our escape is that we can get
no boat fit for the voyage, and no provisions to last us for so long a time. There are
plenty of little yachts and yawls at Calcutta or Madras which would serve our turn well.
Do you bring one over. We shall engage to get aboard her by night, and if you will drop us
on any part of the Indian coast you will have done your part of the bargain.
If there were only one, he said.
None or all, I answered. We have sworn
it. The four of us must always act together.
You see, Morstan, said he, Small is a
man of his word. He does not flinch from his friends. I think we may very well trust
Its a dirty business, the other
answered. Yet, as you say, the money will save our commissions handsomely.
Well, Small, said the major, we must,
I suppose, try and meet you. We must first, of course, test the truth of your story. Tell
me where the box is hid, and I shall get leave of absence and go back to India in the
monthly relief-boat to inquire into the affair.
Not so fast, said I, growing colder as he
got hot. I must have the consent of my three comrades. I tell you that it is four or
none with us.
Nonsense! he broke in. What have three
black fellows to do with our agreement?
Black or blue, said I, they are in
with me, and we all go together.
Well, the matter ended by a second meeting, at which
Mahomet Singh, Abdullah Khan, and Dost Akbar were all present. We talked the matter over
again, and at last we came to an arrangement. We were to provide both the officers with
charts of the part of the Agra fort, and mark the place in the wall where the treasure was
hid. Major Sholto was to go to India to test our story. If he found the box he was to
leave it there, to send out a small yacht provisioned for a voyage, which was to lie off
Rutland Island, and to which we were to make our way, and finally to return to his duties.
Captain Morstan was then to apply for leave of absence, to meet us at Agra, and there we
were to have a final division of the treasure, he taking the majors share as well as
his own. All this we sealed by the most solemn oaths that the mind could think or the lips
utter. I sat up all night with paper and ink, and by the morning I had the two charts all
ready, signed with the sign of fourthat is, of Abdullah, Akbar, Mahomet, and myself.
Well, gentlemen, I weary you with my long story, and I know that my friend Mr. Jones
is impatient to get me safely stowed in chokey. Ill make it as short as I can. The
villain Sholto went off to India, but he never came back again. Captain Morstan showed me
his name among a list of passengers in one of the mail-boats very shortly afterwards. His
uncle had died, leaving him a fortune, and he had left the Army; yet he could stoop to
treat five men as he had treated us. Morstan went over to Agra shortly afterwards and
found, as we expected, that the treasure was indeed gone. The scoundrel had stolen it all
without carrying out one of the conditions on which we had sold him the secret. From that
I lived only for vengeance. I thought of it by day and I nursed it by night. It became an
overpowering, absorbing passion with me. I cared nothing for the lawnothing for the
gallows. To escape, to track down Sholto, to have my hand upon his throatthat was my
one thought. Even the Agra treasure had come to be a smaller thing in my mind than the
slaying of Sholto.
Well, I have set my mind on many things in this life,
and never one which I did not carry out. But it was weary years before my time came. I
have told you that I had picked up something of medicine. One day when Dr. Somerton was
down with a fever a little Andaman Islander was picked up by a convict-gang in the woods.
He was sick to death and had gone to a lonely place to die. I took him in hand, though he
was as venomous as a young snake, and after a couple of months I got him all right and
able to walk. He took a kind of fancy to me then, and would hardly go back to his woods,
but was always hanging about my hut. I learned a little of his lingo from him, and this
made him all the fonder of me.
Tongafor that was his namewas a fine boatman
and owned a big, roomy canoe of his own. When I found that he was devoted to me and would
do anything to serve me, I saw my chance of escape. I talked it over with him. He was to
bring his boat round on a certain night to an old wharf which was never guarded, and there
he was to pick me up. I gave him directions to have several gourds of water and a lot of
yams, cocoanuts, and sweet potatoes.
He was staunch and true, was little Tonga. No man ever
had a more faithful mate. At the night named he had his boat at the wharf. As it chanced,
however, there was one of the convict-guard down therea vile Pathan who had never
missed a chance of insulting and injuring me. I had always vowed vengeance, and now I had
my chance. It was as if fate had placed him in my way that I might pay my debt before I
left the island. He stood on the bank with his back to me, and his carbine on his
shoulder. I looked about for a stone to beat out his brains with, but none could I see.
Then a queer thought came into my head and showed me
where I could lay my hand on a weapon. I sat down in the darkness and unstrapped my wooden
leg. With three long hops I was on him. He put his carbine to his shoulder, but I struck
him full, and knocked the whole front of his skull in. You can see the split in the wood
now where I hit him. We both went down together, for I could not keep my balance; but when
I got up I found him still lying quiet enough. I made for the boat, and in an hour we were
well out at sea. Tonga had brought all his earthly possessions with him, his arms and his
gods. Among other things, he had a long bamboo spear, and some Andaman cocoanut matting,
with which I made a sort of a sail. For ten days we were beating about, trusting to luck,
and on the eleventh we were picked up by a trader which was going from Singapore to Jiddah
with a cargo of Malay pilgrims. They were a rum crowd, and Tonga and I soon  managed to settle down among
them. They had one very good quality: they let you alone and asked no questions.
Well, if I were to tell you all the adventures that my
little chum and I went through, you would not thank me, for I would have you here until
the sun was shining. Here and there we drifted about the world, something always turning
up to keep us from London. All the time, however, I never lost sight of my purpose. I
would dream of Sholto at night. A hundred times I have killed him in my sleep. At last,
however, some three or four years ago, we found ourselves in England. I had no great
difficulty in finding where Sholto lived, and I set to work to discover whether he had
realized on the treasure, or if he still had it. I made friends with someone who could
help meI name no names, for I dont want to get anyone else in a holeand
I soon found that he still had the jewels. Then I tried to get at him in many ways; but he
was pretty sly and had always two prize-fighters, besides his sons and his khitmutgar,
on guard over him.
One day, however, I got word that he was dying. I
hurried at once to the garden, mad that he should slip out of my clutches like that, and,
looking through the window, I saw him lying in his bed, with his sons on each side of him.
Id have come through and taken my chance with the three of them, only even as I
looked at him his jaw dropped, and I knew that he was gone. I got into his room that same
night, though, and I searched his papers to see if there was any record of where he had
hidden our jewels. There was not a line, however, so I came away, bitter and savage as a
man could be. Before I left I bethought me that if I ever met my Sikh friends again it
would be a satisfaction to know that I had left some mark of our hatred; so I scrawled
down the sign of the four of us, as it had been on the chart, and I pinned it on his
bosom. It was too much that he should be taken to the grave without some token from the
men whom he had robbed and befooled.
We earned a living at this time by my exhibiting poor
Tonga at fairs and other such places as the black cannibal. He would eat raw meat and
dance his war-dance: so we always had a hatful of pennies after a days work. I still
heard all the news from Pondicherry Lodge, and for some years there was no news to hear,
except that they were hunting for the treasure. At last, however, came what we had waited
for so long. The treasure had been found. It was up at the top of the house in Mr.
Bartholomew Sholtos chemical laboratory. I came at once and had a look at the place,
but I could not see how, with my wooden leg, I was to make my way up to it. I learned,
however, about a trapdoor in the roof, and also about Mr. Sholtos supper-hour. It
seemed to me that I could manage the thing easily through Tonga. I brought him out with me
with a long rope wound round his waist. He could climb like a cat, and he soon made his
way through the roof, but, as ill luck would have it, Bartholomew Sholto was still in the
room, to his cost. Tonga thought he had done something very clever in killing him, for
when I came up by the rope I found him strutting about as proud as a peacock. Very much
surprised was he when I made at him with the ropes end and cursed him for a little
bloodthirsty imp. I took the treasure box and let it down, and then slid down myself,
having first left the sign of the four upon the table to show that the jewels had come
back at last to those who had most right to them. Tonga then pulled up the rope, closed
the window, and made off the way that he had come.
I dont know that I have anything else to tell
you. I had heard a waterman speak of the speed of Smiths launch, the Aurora,
so I thought she would be a handy craft 
for our escape. I engaged with old Smith, and was to give him a big sum if he got us safe
to our ship. He knew, no doubt, that there was some screw loose, but he was not in our
secrets. All this is the truth, and if I tell it to you, gentlemen, it is not to amuse
youfor you have not done me a very good turnbut it is because I believe the
best defence I can make is just to hold back nothing, but let all the world know how badly
I have myself been served by Major Sholto, and how innocent I am of the death of his
A very remarkable account, said Sherlock Holmes.
A fitting windup to an extremely interesting case. There is nothing at all new to me
in the latter part of your narrative except that you brought your own rope. That I did not
know. By the way, I had hoped that Tonga had lost all his darts; yet he managed to shoot
one at us in the boat.
He had lost them all, sir, except the one which was in
his blow-pipe at the time.
Ah, of course, said Holmes. I had not
thought of that.
Is there any other point which you would like to ask
about? asked the convict affably.
I think not, thank you, my companion answered.
Well, Holmes, said Athelney Jones, you are a
man to be humoured, and we all know that you are a connoisseur of crime; but duty is duty,
and I have gone rather far in doing what you and your friend asked me. I shall feel more
at ease when we have our story-teller here safe under lock and key. The cab still waits,
and there are two inspectors downstairs. I am much obliged to you both for your
assistance. Of course you will be wanted at the trial. Good-night to you.
Good-night, gentlemen both, said Jonathan Small.
You first, Small, remarked the wary Jones as
they left the room. Ill take particular care that you dont club me with
your wooden leg, whatever you may have done to the gentleman at the Andaman Isles.
Well, and there is the end of our little drama, I
remarked, after we had sat some time smoking in silence. I fear that it may be the
last investigation in which I shall have the chance of studying your methods. Miss Morstan
has done me the honour to accept me as a husband in prospective.
He gave a most dismal groan.
I feared as much, said he. I really cannot
I was a little hurt.
Have you any reason to be dissatisfied with my
choice? I asked.
Not at all. I think she is one of the most charming
young ladies I ever met and might have been most useful in such work as we have been
doing. She had a decided genius that way; witness the way in which she preserved that Agra
plan from all the other papers of her father. But love is an emotional thing, and whatever
is emotional is opposed to that true cold reason which I place above all things. I should
never marry myself, lest I bias my judgment.
I trust, said I, laughing, that my judgment
may survive the ordeal. But you look weary.
Yes, the reaction is already upon me. I shall be as limp
as a rag for a week.
Strange, said I, how terms of what in
another man I should call laziness alternate with your fits of splendid energy and
Yes, he answered, there are in me the
makings of a very fine loafer, and also of a pretty spry sort of a fellow. I often think
of those lines of old Goethe:
-  Schade,
da� die Natur nur einen Mensch aus dir schuf, Denn zum w�rdigen Mann war und
zum Schelmen der Stoff.
By the way, apropos of this Norwood business, you see that they had, as I surmised, a
confederate in the house, who could be none other than Lal Rao, the butler: so Jones
actually has the undivided honour of having caught one fish in his great haul.
The division seems rather unfair, I remarked.
You have done all the work in this business. I get a wife out of it, Jones gets the
credit, pray what remains for you?
For me, said Sherlock Holmes, there still
remains the cocaine-bottle. And he stretched his long white hand up for it.